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Master class on Faecal Sludge Management


CDD Activities

Master class on Faecal Sludge Management


Rajasthan Urban Infrastructure Development Project (RUIDP) representatives across the state of Rajasthan attended the master class on Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) from 2nd Aug to 8th Aug at Centre for Advanced Sanitation Solutions (CASS), Bangalore. These 24 participants were a mix of senior and junior level staff. The master class was conducted by international and national experts.

Asian Development Bank (ADB) is working in various town municipalities of Rajasthan, existing desludging service providers and other stake holders, so they are brought together to craft regulations, create sustainable operating models and participate in training, thus looking forward to support the service providers to work under a legal frame work. Hence the master class was organized to introduce the current knowledge elements of this rapidly evolving field, and present an integrated solutions approach that includes technology, management and planning. The objectives of the master class were; This year’s batch of 3 volunteers are from diverse educational backgrounds and will associate with different service units of CDD. We look forward to working with them and facilitating them in building their expertise and knowledge sharing.

  • To provide participants with technical and practical knowledge and skills on the concept and principles of design and implementation of FSM in Indian context,
  • To enable participants to gain knowledge and skills for systematic planning and implementation of a series of activities for collection, containment, transportation, treatment and safe disposal/reuse in FSM and
  • To provide practical exposure to gain insights into the functioning of the decentralized wastewater, faecal sludge and solid waste treatment systems.


The master class was divided into 12 sessions across 3 days, and classes were taken by respective resource persons. The overall FSM situation in the country was introduced with a shit-flow diagram to the participants and a detailed rationale on why CDD is working in this space was explained. Different models of managing waste water pointed out the need for this alternative approach to sanitation in detail by describing the complexity of small and large scale wastewater treatment systems.

The sessions detailed the technology options available to carry out the initial part of FS value chain ranging from collection to transportation. The factors to be considered in technology selection across the value chain were discussed. The principles of treatment and set the platform for the treatment technologies were studied. The participants visited two treatment plants at Kamal Solar Factory a Decentralised Wastewater Treatment System at a Solar PV manufacturing facility near Devanahalli and Faecal Sludge Treatment Plant at Devanahalli –the country’s first faecal sludge treatment plant with the support of Town Municipal Corporation of the airport town of Bangalore – Devanahalli, both implemented by CDD society. The visit helped the participants to apply the approaches in their contexts and allow them to use some of these methodologies in their surroundings. The FSM toolbox developed by AIT with a demonstration on potential of use of the toolkit in designing sustainable FSM plans was introduced. The principles and methodology of preparation of a FSM plan from the inception of the concept in the stakeholders to implementation of the project was covered. The session on financing compared the financial implications of decentralized options in sanitation including FSM and DEWATS with reference to conventional technologies and approaches. The life cycle costs of technologies were brought in front of the participants to appreciate the need for sustainable technologies than energy intensive options. The final technical session of the master class wrapped the important topic of regulations and institutional needs. The participants gave some innovative suggestions: like taxi-hiring mobile applications to be used for carrying out on-demand desludging and to monitor the trucks via GPS, cost recovery by integration into property tax and Database of pits and septic tanks to initiate scheduled processes. The participants expressed strong satisfaction over the content of the training and are looking forward to implement the learnings in the near future.